David I. Levine

Curriculum Vitae

Address / Affiliations / Education / Honors & Grants / Teaching / Publications & Research


Walter A. Haas School of Business
545 Student Services Building # 1900
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720-1900

Phone: (510) 642-1697

E-mail: levine@haas.berkeley.edu 




Current Affiliations

Previous Affiliations

  • 1987-2002. Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley: Assistant and then Associate Professor.
  • 1994-1995. Council of Economic Advisers: Senior Economist. Designed and analyzed policies concerning poverty, workplaces, and labor markets. Advised Council members and the President on these issues. Contributed to the Economic Report of the President.
  • 1994. U.S. Department of Labor: Senior Research Economist at the Office of the American Workplace. Researched the effects of management practices on corporate performance. Worked with large pension funds to improve their monitoring of managerial investments in work organization. Designed public policies to promote high-performance work practices.
  • 1988-1992. Labor Center Reporter: Faculty Mentor and Senior Editor. Supervised a graduate student publication on current events and industrial relations, U.C. Berkeley.
  • 1985-1990. Dollars and Sense: Editorial Associate. Wrote articles for a non-technical economics magazine, Somerville, MA.
  • 1991, Fall. Sloan School: Visiting Scholar, Industrial Relations Group.
  • 1983-87. Harvard University: Teaching Fellow. Taught courses on work organization and principles of economics.
  • 5/84-9/84. National Bureau of Economic Research: Research Assistant. Analyzed regional labor markets and macroeconomic policy for Professor Lawrence Summers, Cambridge MA.
  • 6/83-9/83. Brookhaven National Laboratory: Energy Analyst. Assessed the role for futures markets for natural gas. Energy Information Agency, Department of Energy, Washington DC.
  • Other Experience. Designed, programmed, and tested software for: 9/82-12/82- Intermetrics, Cambridge MA., 6/79-3/81-Apple Computer, Cupertino CA., and 6/78-9/78-Intel, Santa Clara CA.


Courses Taught

    • Human Resource Strategies (MBA)
    • Industrial Relations (Undergraduate and Ph.D.)
    • Macroeconomics (Undergraduate and MBA)
    • Bargaining and Negotiation (Undergraduate)
    • Films about Work (Undergraduate)
    • Pay and Employment Policies (MBA)
    • The New Employment Contract (Undergraduate)

Honors and Grants


  • Listed in Who’s Who in Economics, a selection based on citation count.
  • Listed, Who’s Who of Professionals.
  • Phi Beta Kappa
  • Omicron Delta Epsilon Economics Honor Society
  • University of California Alumni Scholar
  • 6.0 Club (teaching rating above 6.0 out of 7) each year since 1988.
  • The Earl F. Cheit Outstanding Teaching Award, Haas School of Business, 1990 and 2000.


  • “Diversity and Performance,” Sloan Foundation and BOLD, with Jonathan Leonard, 2001.
  • “A Follow-up Evaluation of the Progresa Child Welfare Program,” National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2001-2006, with Paul Gertler and others.
  • “The Effects of Industrialization on Children,” Center on the Economics and Demography of Aging, University of California at Berkeley, 2001-2002.
  • “Financial and Social Capital as Protection Against Health Shocks in Indonesia,” Center for Health Research, U.C. Berkeley, 2001-02.
  • “Investments in Children in Indonesia: Lessons to be Learned from the Economic Crisis,” Research Bridging Grant from the Committee on Research, U.C. Berkeley, 1999-2000.
  • Subcontractor on Mortgage Lending Discrimination: What Do We Know? Urban Institute grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1998.
  • COHRE, "The Determinants of Turnover," with Jonathan Leonard, 1998-99.
  • California Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation, "Evaluation of Workers' Compensation Programs Established Pursuant to Labor-Management Agreements in the Construction Industry," 1997.
  • Committee On Teaching, Office of Educational Development, U.C. Berkeley, Classroom Technologies Grant: 1995-96.
  • Sloan Foundation, "Employee Involvement and Total Quality Management in the 1990's," with Edward E. Lawler III, Gerold Ledford, and Susan Mohrman, 1992-5.
  • Consortium on Competition and Cooperation, "Human Resource Policies and Corporate Performance in the United States and Japan," 1991-92.
  • Consortium on Competition and Cooperation, "Cooperative Supplier Relations: An Exit-Voice Approach," with Susan Helper, 1990-91.




Refereed Journal Articles

·         “Are Investments in Daughters Lower When Daughters Move Away? Evidence from Indonesia,” with Michael Kevane.  Forthcoming at World Development.

·          “The Costs of Teenage Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing: Analysis with a Within-School Propensity Score Matching Estimator,” with Gary Painter.  Forthcoming, Review of Economics and Statistics.

·         “‘Carve-outs’” from the Workers' Compensation System,” with Jeffrey S. Petersen and Frank Neuhauser.  The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. v. 21, n. 3, Summer 2002: 467-483.

·         “Employee Involvement and Pay at American Auto Suppliers,” with Susan Helper and Elliot Bendoly.  Journal of Economic Management and Strategy, 11, 2, Summer 2002: 329-377.

·         "Changes in the Employment Contract," with Gary Charness. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. Apr 2002, 47, 4: 391-405.

·         “Daddies, Devotion, and Dollars: How Do They Matter for Youth?” With Gary Painter.  Forthcoming at the American Journal of Economics and Sociology.

·         "Changes in Managerial Pay Structures 1986‑1992: Tests of Human Capital and Other Explanations," with K.C. O'Shaughnessy and Peter Cappelli.  Oxford Economics Papers, 3 (2001), 482-507.

·         "Family Structure and Youths’ Outcomes: Which Correlations are Causal?" With Gary Painter, Summer 2000, Journal of Human Resources, v. XXXV, n. 3, pp. 524-549.

·         "When are Layoffs Acceptable?  Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment," with Gary Charness.  April 2000, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v. 53, n. 3, pp. 381‑400.

  • "The NELS Curve: Replicating The Bell Curve with the National Educational Longitudinal Survey," with Gary Painter, Industrial Relations, July 1999, pp. 364-406.
  • "Flexibility versus Efficiency? A Case Study of Model Changeovers in the Toyota Production System," Organization Science, v. 10, n. 1, January-February 1999, pp. 43-68.
  • "Computer Mediated Communication as Employee Voice: A Case Study," with Elizabeth Bishop, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v. 52, n. 2, January 1999, pp. 213-233. 
  • "Institutional Incentives for Employer Training," with David Finegold, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 10, No. 2. June, 1997. (A shorter version appeared as "The OECD's Role in Measuring Human Capital," background paper for the OECD, DEELSA/CERI//HCI (96) 6, 1996.)
  • "Ergonomics, Employee Involvement, and the Toyota Production System: A Case Study of NUMMI's 1993 Model Introduction," with Paul S. Adler and Barbara Goldoftas, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v. 50, n. 3, pp. 416-437. (Portions of this article were also released as two teaching cases: "Ergonomic Problems at NUMMI," (A) and (B), 1996.).
  • "What Does it Mean to Be Poor in America," with Maya Federman, Thesia Garner, Kathleen Short, John Kiely, Duane McGough, and Marilyn McNillen, Monthly Labor Review, May 1993, pp. 3-17.
  • "America's Quality Policy," with Susan Helper, Contemporary Policy Issues, 13, 2, April 1995, pp. 26-37.
  • "Work Organization, Employment Security, and Macroeconomic Stability," with Richard Parkin, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organizations, 24, 3, August 1994, pp. 251-271.
  • "Fairness, Markets and Ability to Pay: Evidence from Compensation Executives," American Economic Review, 83, 5, December 1993, pp. 1241-1259.
  • "The Effects of Non-Traditional Attitudes on Married Women's Labor Supply," Journal of Economic Psychology, 14, 4, December 1993, pp. 665-679.
  • "What Do Wages Buy?" Administrative Science Quarterly, 38, 3, September, 1993, pp. 462-483. A short version appeared in the Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, 1993, pp. 133-141.
  • "Worth Waiting For? Delayed Compensation, Training and Turnover in the United States and Japan," Journal of Labor Economics, 4, 3, September 1993, pp. 724-752.
  • "Do Corporate Executives have Rational Expectations?" Journal of Business, 66, 2, April 1993, pp. 271-294.
  • "Long-Term Supplier Relations and Product Market Structure," with Susan Helper, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, 8, 3, October, 1992, pp. 561-581.
  • "Can Wage Increases Pay for Themselves? Tests with a Production Function," Economic Journal, 102, 414, September 1992, pp. 1102-1115.
  • "Piece Rates, Output Restriction, and Cohesiveness," Journal of Economic Psychology, 13, 3, September 1992, pp. 473-479.
  • "Product Quality and Pay Equity Between Low- Level Employees and Top Management: An Investigation of Distributive Justice Theory," with Douglas Cowherd, Administrative Science Quarterly, 37, 2, June 1992, pp. 302-320.
  • "Public Policy Implications of Imperfections in the Market for Worker Participation," Economic and Industrial Democracy, 13, 3, May 1992, pp. 184-206.
  • "Just Cause Employment Policies in the Presence of Worker Adverse Selection," Journal of Labor Economics, 9, 3, July 1991, pp. 294-305.
  • "Cohesiveness, Productivity, and Wage Dispersion," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organizations, 15, March 1991, pp. 237-255.
  • "Just Cause Employment Policies When Unemployment is a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, 79, 4, September, 1989, pp. 902-905.
  • "Efficiency Wages in Weitzman's Share Economy," Industrial Relations, 28, 3, Fall 1989, pp. 321-334. A short version appeared in Economics Letters, 23, 1987, pp. 245-249.

Other Publications

  • "A Case Study of the Mortgage Application Process," with Ken Temkin and Diane Levy, in Mortgage Lending Discrimination: A Review of the Evidence, in Margery Austin Turner and Felicity Skidmore, eds, Urban Institute Press, Washington DC, 1999.
  • "Public Policy Implications," in The American Workplace: Skills, Pay, and Employee Involvement, edited by Casey Ichniowski and others, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming, 1999.
  • "Stability and change at NUMMI," with Paul S. Adler and Barbara Goldoftas, in Robert Boyer, Elsie Charron, Ulrich Jürgens, and Steven Tolliday (eds.), Between Imitation and Innovation: Transfer and Hybridization of Production Models in the International Automobile Industry, New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
  • "The Economics of Works Councils," with Bruce Kaufman, forthcoming in Nonunion Forms of Employee Representation: History, Contemporary Practice, and Policy, Kaufman and Daphne Taras, eds., 1999.
  • "The Quality of Incentives and The Incentives of Quality," with Katherine Shaw, forthcoming in The Quality Movement in America: Lessons for Theory and Research, edited by Robert Cole and Richard Scott.
  • "(Attempts at) Replication of The Bell Curve," editor’s introduction to a symposium, Industrial Relations, July 1999, pp. 245-249.
  • "They Should Solve Their Own Problems: Reinventing Workplace Regulation," in Government Regulation of the Employment Relationship: A Critical Appraisal, Industrial Relations Research Association, Madison WI, 1997. (A version appeared as "Reinventing Regulation: Letting Employees and Employers Solve their Own Problems," The California Management Review, vol. 39, no. 4, September, 1997, pp. 98-117.)
  • "Team Production," in The Human Resource Management Handbook, David Lewin, Daniel J.B. Mitchell, and Mahmood Zaidi, editors, JAI Press, Greenwich CN, 1997. pp. 35-61.
  • "What Works at Work: A Critical Review," with Casey Ichniowski, Thomas Kochan, Craig Olson, and George Strauss, Industrial Relations, vol 35, no. 3, Summer, 1996, pp. 299-333.
  • "The US Labor Market: 'Institutions' Rigid and 'Unregulated' Market-Clearing," Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, 1994.
  • "The Relation between Supplier Participation and Worker Participation," with Susan Helper, Proceedings of the Industrial Relations Research Association, 1994.
  • "Computer Mediated Communication as Employee Voice: A Case Study," with Elizabeth Bishop, Proceedings of the Conference on NetWORKing, IFIP WG 9.1, 1993. A longer version is under review at Industrial and Labor Relations Review.
  • "Demand Variability and Work Organization," in Democracy and Markets: Participation, Accountability, and Efficiency, Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, and Bo Gufstafsson, eds, Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 159-175.
  • "Participation, Productivity, and the Firm's Environment," with Laura D'Andrea Tyson, in Paying for Productivity, Alan Blinder, ed., Brookings Institution, 1990, pp. 183-244.
  • "Employee Participation and Involvement," with George Strauss, in Investing in People, Report for the Commission on Workforce Quality and Labor Market Efficiency, Background papers, Vol. II, paper 35b, U.S. Department of Labor, September, 1989, pp. 1893-1948.
  • Spot and Futures Markets for Natural Gas, Brookhaven National Laboratory Report, 1984.

Working Papers

·         “Parental Death and Child Schooling,” with Paul Gertler and Minnie Ames. Under second review at the Review of Economics and Statistics.

·         "Choosing the Right Parents: The Changing Importance of Family Background in Determining Income and Education." IIR W.P. 72. Second revision under review from the Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

·         “The Effects of Diversity on Business Performance: Report of a Feasibility Study of the Diversity Research Network,” with Thomas Kochan, and others. Revision requested at Human Resource Management.

·         “The Effect of (the Many Dimensions of) Diversity on Turnover: A Very Large Case Study,” with Jonathan Leonard. Under review at the American Economic Review.

·         “Did Industrialization Destroy Social Capital in Indonesia?” with Paul Gertler and Ted Miguel. Under review at the Quarterly Journal of Economics.

·         “Do Birds of a Feather Shop Together? The Effects of Employees’ Similarity with each Other and With Customers on Performance,” with Jonathan Leonard and Aparna Joshi.  Under review at the Journal of Organizational Behavior.

·         “Do Microfinance Programs Help Families Insure Consumption Against Illness?” with Paul Gertler and Enrico Moretti.  Under review at the Journal of Development Economics.

·         “The Changing Status of Daughters in Indonesia,” with Michael Kevane.  Under review at Berkeley Electronic Journal in Development Economics.

·         "Size, Skill and Sorting," with Dale Belman.  Under review at the Labour Economics.

·         “How Much of School Effects is Just Sorting? Identifying Causality in the National Education Longitudinal Survey,” with Gary Painter.  Under review at the American Sociological Review.

·         "The Rise and Decline (?) of Internal Labor Markets," with Erica Groshen.  Federal Reserve Bank of New York Research Paper 9819, July 1998.  

·         "Reinventing Disability Policy," working paper 65, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley, 1999.  (Top 10 Download for SSRN Legal and Employment abstracting services.)

Book Reviews and Non-Technical Publications

·         Book review of The New Relationship: Human Capital in the American Corporation, Journal of Economic Literature, 40 (2), June 2002:  547-549

·         Book review of Manufacturing Advantage, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55 (1), October 2001: 175-176.

·         “Gilding the Ghetto,” Across the Board, Oct 1999, 36 (9): 10.

·          “Brave New Work” interview with Josh Clark, Mother Jones, July/Aug 1997 [http://www.motherjones.com/mother_jones/JA97/clark_jump.html].

·         “Knowledge Transfer: Managerial Practices Underlying One Piece of the Learning Organization,” with April Gilbert, COHRE briefing paper,  [http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~iir/cohre/ knowledge.html], 1998.

  • "Editorial: Overt Discrimination by Multinational Firms," Industrial Relations, 37, 2, April 1998, pp. 121-125.
  • "Reinventing the Workplace: How Government Can Help," San Jose Mercury News, December 25, 1995.
  • "A Deficit of Clear Thinking," with Brad DeLong, Cal Monthly, August 1996.
  • "Welfare Reform that Makes Poor Kids Poorer Will Never Pay Off," with Brad DeLong, Los Angeles Times, Sunday Forum, October 15, 1995, p. D2.
  • Book review of Darcy D'Art, Economic Democracy and Financial Participation, for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 1993.
  • "The Quality Movement," Dollars and Sense, September 1992, pp. 20-22. A short version appeared in Cal Business, June 1992.
  • "Management Education is an Oxymoron," Cal Business Weekly, May 1992.
  • Book review of Tom Korver, The Fictitious Commodity: A Study of the U.S. Labor Market 1880-1940, Journal of Labor History, 32, 4, Fall 1991, pp. 624-625.
  • "Participation, Productivity, and the Firm's Environment," California Management Review, Summer 1990, pp. 86-100.
  • "Japan's Other Export," Dollars and Sense, September 1990, pp. 18-21.
  • "No Voice For Workers," with Laura D'Andrea Tyson, Dollars and Sense, no. 152, December 1989, pp. 20-22. Reprinted in Microeconomics 91/92, Don Cole, ed., Dushkin Publishing Group, Guilford CN, 1990; Real World Macro, seventh and eighth editions, Economic Affairs Bureau, Somerville MA, 1990 and 1992; and Real World Micro, third edition, Economic Affairs Bureau, Somerville MA, 1991.
  • "Sweden: Full Employment in a Free Market Economy," Labor Center Reporter, no. 251, November 1988.
  • "Capitalism, Swedish Style," Dollars and Sense, no. 140, October 1988, pp. 20-22. Reprinted in Real World Macro, sixth edition, Economic Affairs Bureau, Somerville MA, 1989.
  • "Why Comparable Worth Won't Upset the Marketplace," San Francisco Chronicle, March 7, 1988, p. C6.